Today, I'm joined by Canadian author C.D. Gallant-King. I've had the pleasure of ARC-reading his latest book "Psycho Hose Beast From Outer Space" (out today) and I loved it. Read the full interview below for writing tips, more about C.D's writing style and giving out free hugs and cupcakes on a street corner...

    Welcome C.D! Can you tell us a little about yourself?

    I just turned 40 (holy crap!). I’m Canadian, from the island province of Newfoundland, which you
    and your readers should be familiar with. At eighteen I moved to Toronto to study theatre, and I
    completed a Bachelor’s Degree in Fine Arts. I haven’t set foot inside a theatre since.
    In my life I’ve been a stock boy, an actor, a marketing coordinator, a stage manager, a lighting
    designer, a print shop manager, a retail supervisor, a trainer, an executive assistant, a
    bookkeeper, and currently I push papers around for the government. I also once spent an
    afternoon handing out free hugs and cupcakes on a street corner. Through all of it I’ve written
    stories, but to be honest the writing doesn’t pay much better than the cupcakes.
    In addition to reading books and telling stories I like playing games, especially if they involve
    funny-shaped dice and talking in silly voices, and I’m also very partial to the noble and ancient
    art of professional wrestling. I also buy lots of Star Wars toys and pretend they’re for my kids.
    When did you decide to become a writer?

    I’ve always been a writer. It’s not a decision, it just kinda happens, like getting run over by a
    I decided to become a “published” writer in about 2004, except no one wanted my book. I don’t
    blame them, it wasn’t very good.
    Finally, in 2015 as I approached my 35 th birthday, I finally made the plunge to self-publish.
    Everyone was doing it, why shouldn’t I get a chance? I never expected to make much money or
    win accolades, but I thought I could at least entertain a few people with my stories, and I did. So
    I’ve kept it up, because that’s who I am now.
    So, what have you written?
    I’ve written about a dozen novels and tons of short stories, but most of them are still sitting in
    the basement in the little room under the stairs I affectionately call The Closet. I’ve self-
    published three of those novels - Ten Thousand Days, Hell Comes to Hogtown, and the newest,
    Psycho Hose Beast from Outer Space. I supposed all of them are some blend of “urban
    fantasy,” but Days leans more toward fantasy and romance while Hogtown and Hose Beast lean
    (really hard) into comedy and horror.
    My short fiction has appeared in several Strangely Funny anthologies from Mystery and Horror,
    a couple of collections from Dancing Lemur Press, and an upcoming issue of The Weird and
    Whatnot. I also have a series of dark comic fantasy short-stories available called Werebear vs.
    Landopus. They’re kind of weird and grotesque, but if you’re into really foul-mouthed dwarves,
    brutally maimed heroes and jokes about bodily fluids, then have I got a treat for you!

    Do you have any odd writing habits?
    I write on the bus, does that count? Before COVID, I had a very long commute to and from work
    every day, so to make use of that time I spent a lot of it writing. Hell Comes to Hogtown was
    written and edited almost exclusively with my laptop balanced on my knees on an Ottawa city
    bus. Some people might find it distracting, but with my iPod blaring in my ears and my focus on
    my screen I don’t even notice it anymore. I get so “in the zone” that sometimes I nearly missed
    my stop.
    Even before the pandemic I had been riding the bus less, so I took to different tactics. Psycho
    Hose Beast From Outer Space was written almost entirely on my phone, with me tapping out
    paragraphs whenever I had a few free moments - waiting for appointments, on break at work,
    sitting with my kids while they fell asleep. I don’t have a ton of free time, so you have to make
    every minute count.

    Do you let the book stew – leave it for a month and then come back to it to edit?

    Absolutely. I even tend to leave it between rounds of editing/revision. The longer you stare at
    something the harder it is to be objective and worse, j
    Any tips on what to do and what not to do when writing?
    ust reading it becomes a chore. I have
    fallen asleep both reading and listening to my own work, and it’s embarrassing. You don’t ever
    want to end up at that point.
    So after you’ve spent several months writing a draft, take some time off to write something else
    or read a few books or do whatever you need to do to recharge your brain. You want to come
    back at it with fresh eyes and renewed interest. You will care more about it when you feel like
    the words are at least a little less stale, and it’s not the tenth time you’ve read them in a week.
    Is there anything you find particularly challenging in your writing as far as content?
    Do you mean things I find difficult to write? Not many. I’m not bothered by sex, violence,
    profanity and such, which you can probably tell if you read any of my work. I don’t get upset by
    killing characters or anything like that. Character death is a necessary part of a story, and one of
    a writer’s tools. It would be like getting upset by having to type the letter “q.”
    Is there anything you find particularly challenging in your writing as far as content?

    Do you mean things I find difficult to write? Not many. I’m not bothered by sex, violence,
    profanity and such, which you can probably tell if you read any of my work. I don’t get upset by
    killing characters or anything like that. Character death is a necessary part of a story, and one of
    a writer’s tools. It would be like getting upset by having to type the letter “q.”
    I will admit that lately I’ve been a little apprehensive about stuff involving children. Not about
    writing for children, I love writing children’s stories, but about combining my aforementioned sex,
    violence and profanity with kids. Being a relatively new parent with small kids leaves that as a
    slightly sensitive subject to me. I know, however, that it’s also a sensitive subject with many
    other people, so it may at some point be a topic worth exploring. I probably will write about it
    someday, it’s just a little too fresh and raw on my mind right now.

    Any tips on what to do and what not to do when writing?

    What to do: Just write. I know that sounds dumb, and clichéd, but I hear about so many people
    who are “writing” a novel but never seem to finish it. Put words down on paper and see what
    happens. This leads directly to…
    What not to do: Everything else. Stop second-guessing yourself, wondering whether it’s “good
    enough”; it doesn’t matter, just put something down, you can fix it later. Stop worrying about
    covers and marketing and maps when you don’t have a story to go with it. Stop spending so
    much time on message boards, talking about writing; all those words are wasted, they could be
    going into your manuscript. Stop world-building and calculating the air speed and wing-beats
    per minute of dragons in your universe. None of it will matter if no one ever reads the book
    because you’ve never finished it. And stop reading advice about writing from people who don’t
    know what they’re talking about.
    Wait a minute…

    C.D. Gallant-King writes comic horror and fantasy stories in a variety of settings and genres. He
    is a proud Newfoundlander and Canadian currently living in Ottawa, Ontario. He holds a
    Bachelor of Fine Arts in Theatre. He lived in Toronto for 10 years and tried to be an actor and a
    rock star, but we don't talk about that. He is now a happy husband and father of two.
    C.D. has previously published two novels, and a third book, PSYCHO HOSE BEAST FROM
    OUTER SPACE, is set to be released September 28. His book HELL COMES TO HOGTOWN
    was a semi-finalist in Mark Lawrence’s 2018 Self-Published Fantasy Blog-Off. His work has also
    appeared four times in Mystery & Horror's STRANGELY FUNNY anthologies of comic horror
    stories, an upcoming issue of The Weird and Whatnot magazine, and in two anthologies from
    Dancing Lemur Press.

    Newfoundland, Canada, 1992.
    Gale Harbour hasn’t seen any excitement since the military abandoned the base there thirty
    years ago, unless you count the Tuesday night 2-for-1 video rentals at Jerry's Video Shack. So
    when a dead body turns up floating in the town water supply, all evidence seems to point to a
    boring accident.
    Niall, Pius and Harper are dealing with pre-teen awkwardness in the last days of summer before
    the start of high school. The same night the body is found, the three of them witness unusual
    lights in the sky over the bay.
    Is it a coincidence? Are the lights connected to the rapidly-increasing string of mysterious
    deaths? And what does the creepy old lady at the nursing home have to do with it?
    There is an evil older than time hidden deep beneath the waters of the North Atlantic. It is
    hungry, and vengeful, and it has its sights set on Gale Harbour to begin its path of destruction.
    All that stands in its way are a group of kids who would rather be playing Street Fighter II...

    AMAZON US: https://www.amazon.com/Psycho-Beast-Outer-Space-Harbour-
  • Guess Who's back... Back again...

    It’s been a while since I’ve posted here and it’s great to be back!

    I had a busy few weeks after Big Red’s launch which didn’t leave a lot of time for blogging. Thankfully, things have started to settle down a bit. For the first time in what feels like an eternity, I have time to dive back into a few different projects, some of which I’m hoping to share with you soon…

    The first project I wanted to take on is this blog. I’ve since rebranded it from (the not-so-original name of) ‘My Blog’ to the ‘Mars Occupation Force – Press Office’. Whereas beforehand I wrote a bit about Big Red and my journey so far, I’m now looking to expand my horizons.

    Over the last few months, I’ve had the chance to delve into so many fantastic military sci-fi and Irish sci-fi and fantasy books. My goal is to expand on these topics a bit more and shine a spotlight on some amazing novels and topics you may already know about, as well as some you may not have heard of.

    I’ve also had the opportunity to meet and talk with some fantastic Irish sci-fi and fantasy writers, who I’m hoping to guilt into dropping by on this blog to say hello. It’s been an amazing year for Irish SFF writers and I’m really excited about seeing what the rest of the year holds in store!

    For anyone who’s been following along, The British/Irish Writing Community has also been taking our next steps towards global domination. We’ve spent the last few months throwing around ideas and seeing what we can do as a community. Finally, we’ve decided to launch our own quarterly magazine.

    It’s still early days on this but we’ve had a lot of interest so far. Our overall plan is to use this platform to highlight and promote the fantastic works of Irish and British writers of all levels who write speculative fiction. There’s no official launch date in sight, but if you know anyone who’s interested, have them check us out on FB or Twitter!

    Hopefully I’ll have more details on the above topics in my next blog post. In the meantime, if any writers out there are looking to do a guest post/interview for an up-and-coming launch or just for the fun of it, let me know in the comments below. I’ve learned a lot from the community and I’m looking forward to giving back.

    There’s more to come soon, so stay tuned!

  • Guest Article by Phil Parker - "One year on and three lessons learned: An Author's journey"

    It took eight years of messing around with his story before Phil Parker published it himself. It was only when he was selected to join the Curtis Brown Creative novel writing course that he developed the confidence to pursue this goal. Since then he's learned a lot. Some of it he's outlined in this post. He's still trying to make sense of the rest.

    On January 15th 2018, I joined Twitter. My intention was to prepare the ground for when I published my Knights’ Protocol trilogy, which would be three months later. The date represents the moment I committed to starting a new career.

    Which sounds grand and laudable perhaps, except I had no idea what I was doing. I’d suffered enough, trying the traditional route to publishing so decided to tread my own path and self-publish. I’ve learned a huge amount in the last year, THREE lessons stand out.


    Research – get familiar with the landscape.

    I spent a lot of time researching which marketplace I wanted to use. There’s lots of advice out there, it’s conflicting as you might expect, so that meant having to compare and contrast, like at school. It’s potentially the biggest decision anyone makes so choosing carefully is essential.

    I found Tom Corson-Knowles’ The Kindle Publishing Bible to be a great help. It explained issues such as devising saleable titles, writing book descriptions that sell, how to get reviews (ethically) and promotional campaigns. It’s objective too. Kindle Direct Publishing pages will save you time and increase your awareness too I found.


    Navigate the jungle of social media

    I’ve met people who only Follow agents and publishers. I’ve found the greatest benefit comes from a network of folk who will support you, share similar values and experiences – people you’d call friends in the real world!

    I don’t just click Follow to anyone either. I check profiles, see what they’re posting. That way you network will always remain focused on the topics you want to see in your feed.

    I prefer Twitter. It’s easy to use and concise in its content. I went through Follower lists of the people I Followed to identify like-minded folk. I discovered software that helped me analyse my data to sharpen up my account – Manage Flitter is the best. It’s free if you only have one account and can help you work efficiently.

    I suffer Facebook. I dislike its endless pressure to advertise and haven’t found that it works anyway. It didn’t help that my first book, The Bastard from Fairyland, caused them to ban my adverts for the use of profane language! However, Facebook does have useful forums you can join, some of which help promote your work.

    Finally, to get real traction, you need to spend time on these platforms. It is a commitment but it does pay off in the long run. People get to know about you, they buy your books on the back of it. Spread yourself too thin (over several platforms) or only log in occasionally, and you don’t get the relationships you need. It’s like any friendship!


     Appearance is Everything – get noticed on your journey

    It took me six months to learn this lesson! You’re not the only one on a journey with your book. That old adage about not judging a book by its cover doesn’t apply in this context! People do judge! Plus, you need to stand out. The answer?

    Get your book designed professionally. I tried to cut corners, bought images and used Amazon’s book cover systems and thought I was being clever. They were crap. I look at the originals even now and shudder in embarrassment. Yes, it will cost money but you will recoup it in the long run.

     Tom Parker (@papagaeio) designed mine. These people think in visual media, as writers we use the written word. Tom asked me for an outline of the books but also their themes, backgrounds, even one-word definitions. (I gave him Rage for my first book and I suggest you see what he did with it!).



    A few final thoughts:

    1.     Writing is a lonely business. The internet is changing that. There are online groups you can join but social media offers you forums where you can share ideas, concerns and general chat with others who are just like you. It is not infested with trolls.

    2.     Get people to review your work – but check them out first. Make sure they are bone fide reviewers, people who consistently offer constructive comments. There are people – even businesses – who offer to do this for you but I recommend forming relationships with bloggers, it’s more honest and rewarding.

    3.     The hashtag is a wonderful tool to identify networks and themes. Such as #BritishIrishWritingCommunity

    4.     Don’t spend all your time on social media plugging your book. You’ll annoy people. Promote others, they’ll do the same for you. Show you’re a person first, a book-selling author second!

    Good luck with your writing and your career as an author!


  • The (Big Red) Back Story Part 1

    I posted previously about the world-building involved in creating Big Red, giving some insight into where I got the ideas from and what inspired me. With just over sixty days to go until Big Red lands in a book shop near you, I wanted to dive a bit into the background, giving readers a better insight into the fictional back story and history. A lot of these events took place before the characters of Big Red arrived on Mars, but in a lot of ways these events shaped their surroundings and environment. So, here goes!

    As World War 2 drew to a close in Europe, Nazi scientists perfected a revolutionary new form of long-range interstellar travel. Having been used to establish secret research facilities on Mars in the 1930s, this was hailed by an increasingly deteriorating Hitler as a chance to turn the tide on the Allies.

    Hampering the Nazi leadership was the fact that this technology was based on unknown origins and couldn’t be operated to transport troops to any point on Earth. As the Russians advanced to the gates of Berlin, an increasing number of high-ranking party officials began to break with Hitler’s fantastical beliefs of a final victory and contemplated using this new technology as a chance to escape. With the Russian forces emerging victorious in the brutal Battle of Berlin, the last remnants of the Third Reich escaped the slaughter and retreated to the only place the Allies couldn’t reach them – Mars.

    On Mars, the Nazis had long since established formal relations with the indigenous population dubbed “The Natives”. These Natives were an agrarian society, primarily living underground in subterranean communities. Although they had an awareness and even an understanding of technology, they had forsaken it to pursue a more idyllic life based on community, hard work and family.

    Believing the lies of the new German settlers that they were fleeing genocidal persecution back on Earth, the Natives readily allowed the Nazis to excavate the planet in search of technologies left over by the forebearers of the Natives. Rumoured to be a powerful and technologically advanced civilisation, the Nazis believed that this would give them the upper hand in their quest to reconquer not just Germany, but the entire world…

    That’s all for this week, folks! In the next post, I’ll detail pivotal events in the Big Red story covering the (historically documented) 1947 Roswell UFO Incident, the 1952 Washington UFO incident and the 1952 Stalin note.

    These events together serve as a catalyst for the Allied response to German plans to stage a comeback and the 1954 Allied invasion of Mars (culminating in the oft-referenced “Battle of New Berlin”).

    Stay tuned and don’t forget – Big Red lands on the 14th May!

  • The (Big Red) Back Story Part 2

    Welcome to Part Two of the Big Red back story. This one picks up where the last one left off, so dive right in and enjoy!

    The first concrete evidence that the Nazis had escaped the war came about in 1947, just outside of Roswell, New Mexico. In the wreckage of a crashed spaceship, Airforce investigators found the bodies of two human pilots- later identified as high-ranking SS members - thought to have died on the Eastern Front.

    This prompted alarm within military and government circles that an invasion from technologically superior Nazi forces was imminent. In response, President Truman ordered the creation of a covert organisation known as ‘Majestic 12’. Given wide-ranging powers, this group began reverse engineering the downed spacecraft, directing government policy and overseeing a massive public disinformation campaign to cover up the truth. For the remainder of the 1940s, Nazi incursions into Allied airspace continued, although no direct hostile actions were taken by the aggressors. This led many within the Truman administration and Majestic 12 to believe that these fly-bys were either shows of strength or meant to test the capabilities of the enemy’s fighter-sized craft.

    By early 1950, the construction of Earth’s first interstellar fleet of ships was midway under construction when Majestic 12 reported that the Third Reich leadership had opened negotiations with the USSR. Unwilling to admit to Stalin about the existence of the new fleet under construction, President Truman secretly ordered Majestic 12 to open a back channel with the exiled German forces to learn of their intentions.

    To buy time, the President ordered these unofficial talks to be dragged out for as long as possible, while Majestic 12 stepped up their efforts in building the new interstellar fleet. These negotiations came to a head in March 1952 when Stalin made public his infamous ‘Stalin note’. This note called for a reunified Germany, free elections and the subsequent withdrawal of all Allied forces. The US and their allies publicly rejected the Stalin note, seeing it as the first possible step in a Nazi attempt to return to Germany from exile and re-establish a militarised National Socialist state.

    Infuriated, the Third Reich leadership ordered an aggressive show of force, culminating in the 1952 UFO Washington Incident. Between the period of 12th – 29th July 1952, there were multiple sightings of UFO’s over America’s capital (including the White House). Determined not to back down, President Truman opened secret negotiations with Stalin and confirmed the existence of an American interstellar fleet of ships. After a series of long drawn out negotiations, the two sides agreed to form a united front against Nazi aggression and began planning an invasion of Mars.

    Despite mutual shows of good faith, neither side could agree on the make up or composition of the ground forces needed to conquer the German colonies on Mars. Stalin feared a blow to his prestige if it ever became public that American forces were victorious in Earth’s first interstellar war, while Truman worried about a Soviet presence on Mars once hostilities ceased.

    As a compromise, it was agreed that although the fleet would remain nominally under US control and both sides would commit support personnel and military attachés, the necessary manpower would need to come from third parties. Both sides reluctantly agreed to a joint British-French task force. This new group would be known as the Mars Expeditionary Force (MEF).

    In early 1953, the Mars Expeditionary Force set off on its mission and arrived on Mars in March 1954. Although the initial landing of MEF soldiers and supplies went according to plan, the fleet was practically annihilated in a series of daring suicide attacks by Nazi spacecraft. These actions left the MEF soldiers effectively cut off from re-supply or escape and forced them into a do-or-die action to seize the German colonies.

    The Battle for Mars had begun.

    That’s all for this week folks! I had thought about doing a Part Three on this subject, but delving into the world of Big Red again has given me too many ideas that I’m not going to share just yet…

    I have some announcements coming up to do with Big Red’s launch on 14th May, so stay tuned!

  • TitanCon 2019 and Progress Report

    I always tend to start my blog posts with some reference to how busy I’ve been. I tried to come up with some other way of starting this post, but the truth is; I have indeed been kept busy. So, without further ado, it’s time for a quick catch up and a progress report!

    Probably my most exciting piece of news is that I’ll be attending Titancon 2019 in Belfast 24th-25th August. I’m really excited about this as I’ve never been able to attend a con before. To top if off, I’ll be doing a book signing at the con and hosting a talk about Twitter pitches for aspiring writers.

    For those of you who’ve followed my journey from the start, you’ll remember I got a lot of interest for Big Red during last year’s #IWSGpit. Not only was that the first time publishers had ever expressed an interest in my work, but it also allowed me to land a traditional publishing deal with my amazing publisher.

    I’ve talked about Twitter pitch events during various radio, magazine, and newspaper interviews and I’m still amazed by people’s reactions. I know a lot of people in the Twitter writing community are aware of these events, but there’s still a lot of writers out there who aren’t. Just like any other form of querying, participation doesn’t automatically guarantee success, but it does open up your work to a whole load of potential matches. I’m really looking forward to chatting about this and hopefully pointing a few aspiring writers in the right direction.

    In other news, the British/Irish Writing Community has nearly finished work on our very first e-zine and website. We’ve opened submissions to writers from all across Ireland and UK and some of the short stories we’ve received have been mind-blowingly good. Thanks again to everyone who’s gotten involved! I really can’t wait to share the very first issue with everyone. Also, keep an eye out for my own short story ‘The Republic of Inishdearg’. More details on that soon!

    Last of all, I’m making steady progress on my current WIP. I’ve had a few mini projects over the last few months that slowed things down , but I’m glad to say I’ve thrown myself full steam into it again. I’m roughly halfway through the first draft now, which I’m aiming to have done early to mid-September. I’ll leak some details about it in a future post, so stay tuned!

    That’s all from me for this week, folks. I’ve plenty more good news to share with you soon, so watch this space!

  • Writing Your First Book? Here’s What You Need to Know by Savannah Cordova

    Savannah Cordova is a writer with Reedsy, a platform that connects authors and publishers with the world’s best editors, designers, and marketers. She's very passionate about indie publishing and helping authors achieve their dreams! her spare time, Savannah enjoys reading contemporary fiction and writing as much she can.

    You may have heard the stat that up to 81% of Americans think they have a book in them — a book they want to write, that is, not a manuscript lurking in their intestines somewhere. (Sorry for the mental image.) Extrapolating from that figure, we can assume that roughly 4 out of 5 people reading this right now have an idea for a book — and some of you may have already taken steps toward making it a reality!

    But before you excitedly tell all your friends about the Great American Novel you’re going to write, or order new business cards that say “[Your Name]: Professional Author,” you should sit down and evaluate your expectations for this process. Writing a book is infinitelyeasier said than done, and if you don’t know what’s in store for you, you’ll find yourself discouraged before you’ve even begun. That’s why I want to share these five key things to know about writing a book — so you’ll be prepared to meet each challenge that crops up along the way.

    1. Dedication is more important than talent

    Perhaps the number-one misconception about writing a book is that talent is the most important factor. While I have no doubt that many of you are brilliant writers — and that your potential will blossom into tangible triumphas you write your book — you can’t rely on talent alone to propel you through 300 pages. For that, you’ll need an entirely different ingredient: dedication.

    It’s easy enough tosayyou’re committed to writing a book, and even to plan a rigorous writing routine that carves out blocks of writing time every day. However, when the hour comes to actually write, it’s a lot more difficult to force yourself to do it… over and over again, especially on the days when it doesn’t feel fun or rewarding, but like a total slog.

    This is where dedication comes in. If you’re not 100% dedicated to finishing your book, you’re simply not going to make it. Most great writers have talent, yes, but they also have dedication in spades. For example,Stephen King writes 2,000 words every single day, even on holidays. Maya Angelou supposedly aimed for 2,500, famously declaring, “Nothing will work unless you do.” And countless renowned writers through the ages, from Franz Kafka to Ursula K. Le Guin to Danielle Steel, have gotten up early and/or gone to bed late so they could bank some extra writing time.

    If you’re just starting out, forget about artistry and perfection; these things will naturally be honed with practice. But unless you’re able to truly dedicate your time and effort to a project, you may as well call it quits right now.

    2. You need to outline (at least a little) before you start

    Another potentially crippling misconception is that you don’t need to outline your book before you write, because you can always “figure things out along the way.” While I completely understand if you’re more of a pantser than a plotter — I consider myself a pantser, in fact — writing your first book is a huge undertaking and you'll almost certainly needan outline to guide you through it. After all, you wouldn’t try to build a house without blueprints, would you? (If you answered, “Sure, why not!” remind me never to hire you as my contractor.)

    In any case, even if it seems unnecessary right now, trust me that your outline will become yourlifelineas you delve deeper into your book. It will help you remember important events, character arcs, and themes you want to incorporate throughout the story. And if you get stuck and start to despair, you can always return to your outline for encouragement and inspiration.

    At the bare minimum, this outline should include a few lines for each major plot point, perhaps with offshooting notes about other elements or thoughts you may have as you’re brainstorming. I’d definitely recommend the “web” structure or snowflake method for fellow pantsers, as these allow for the most flexibility. But of course, no outline is set in stone — feel free to change it as you come up with new ideas, or leave parts of it blank if you’re not sure what should happen. The important thing is that youhave one, so you can refer back to it when need be.

    3. Steel yourself for setbacks — especially in the middle

    Once you actually begin writing, with a prepared outline and true dedication to your work, you’ll probably feel incredibly excited about your project and the possibilities it holds. You may still have a few kinks to work out, but in all likelihood, this energy will carry you through the first few chapters — possibly to the midpoint of your book.

    Unfortunately, the midpoint is often where even the most dedicated writers start to falter. You might suddenly register a gaping plothole, realize you’ve neglected one of your characters, or simply run out of creative steam. Setbacks like these are always discouraging, but especially when you’re right in the thick of it: far enough along that major revisions seem impossible to enact, yet not close enough to the finish line to give you that final burst of motivation.

    When you get stuck in the middle of your book, you have two options — you can either work through doggedly, or take a break. Be careful with either of these, as the first can cause burnout, while the second can all-too-easily lead to giving up. However, if you can figure out which works for you (hint: it’s usually the opposite of what youwantto do), you’ll surely find your way out of this literary labyrinth you’ve created.

    I personally find that taking a break, while at the same time setting concrete limits, works best for me. If I lose my footing in a project, I take a week — no longer — to work on other pieces and enjoy my hobbies. Most of the time, thisincubation period is exactly what I need to solve the problem that’s been plaguing me. By the time I get back to writing a week later, I’m fully unblocked, recharged, and more than ready to get back to work.

    4. Feedback from other people is your best friend

    You know how I just said that what you wantto do is usually the opposite of what youshoulddo? Well, that advice also applies to asking for feedback (and exercising, but I digress). 95% of writers I’ve met, including myself, are highly reluctant to show their work to anyone. This is extremely understandable — after all, if you’ve chosen this path, it probably means that writing is near and dear to your heart, and even a single word of criticism can feel like a crushing blow.

    But once you’ve finished the first draft of your book, it’s time to toughen up and do it anyway. Friends, family, fellow writers: these are all invaluable sources of feedback as you transition into your next draft. They’ll confirm what you need to fix or change, and point out issues you never would’ve noticed by yourself. This doesn’t mean you have to show your book to everyone you know, but if you can pick a handful of advisors to give you feedback, it will be a huge help in avoiding bigger problems — like scathing reviews from actualcritics — down the line.

    And after you’ve shown the book to your personal contacts,consider getting a professional beta reader or editor to take a look. Fair warning: their feedback will likely be less considerate than your friends’, but more honest and helpful overall. These pros know what they’re doing, and you can trust their opinions, even if you don’t always feel good about them. Just keep in mind that, no matter how painful the process, listening to feedback will ultimately result in a better book.

    5. Don’t be intimidated by the prospect of publishing

    Congrats! You’ve made it through the first, second, maybe even third or fourth draft of your manuscript, and it’sfinally finished. What are you going to do next?

    You might just pop some champagne and close your ridiculously long Google Doc forever, satisfied in the knowledge that you achieved your goal. But if you’re like most authors, you’ll probably want people to read your book — which means, of course, publishing it.

    Traditional publishing can sometimes seem so lengthy, complex, and filled with rejection that you may feel it’s futile from the start. However, if you break it down into bite-sized pieces, it’s much more manageable (and definitely worthwhile if you can get signed with a major publisher)! You can start byquerying agents and submitting your manuscript to slush piles, and if you have success, move into additional edits and negotiations from there.

    That said, if you don’t care about trad-pub “prestige” and just want to get your book out in the world, self-publishing is also a very viable option! It’s easy toself-publish a book on Amazon, and with just a bit of research, you can learn how to market your book independently as well. But whichever path you choose, remember my very first tip: if you dedicate yourself wholeheartedly to your ambitions, you’ll find that you can accomplish almost anything.